Rayyithukan or Citizenship is a publication produced by Transparency Maldives to foster citizen participation in our democracy by all citizens and especially youth. This publication highlights the rights and responsibilities afforded to the citizens of Maldives, traits of good governance and positive citizenship in the interest of establishing good governance and consolidate democracy.
Transparency Maldives developed a Position Paper (Dhivehi Language) based on the previously submitted comments on the RTI draft bill by TM to the parliament and international best practices. The Paper lays out the fundamental principles on freedom of information that a well-functioning RTI legislation must uphold. The Ministry of Gender, Family and Human Rights, the Human Rights Commission of Maldives, the Prosecutor General, the Auditor General and the Anti Corruption Commission have since endorsed the position paper. The position paper was submitted to the parliament on 24th October 2012.
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The upcoming Presidential Elections are headed to unfold against a context of uncertainty, crises
of political legitimacy and unprecedented levels of political polarization. The latter is characterized
by mistrust, categorical negative framing of one another and by the lack of self-accountability
of institutions, politicians and their parties for their role in existing political crises. The electoral
background is therefore discouraging.
This assessment highlights key indicators on freedom, fairness and inclusiveness that will effect the quality of the elections and recommendations for key parties to ensure free, fair and inclusive elections and tackle wider issues of electoral system such as vote-buying and misuse of public resources.
Pre-election Assessment – 2013 Presidential Election
A culture of free flow of information is fundamental to a democratic society, in establishing good governance, empowering citizens and promoting proactive disclosure and accountability.
Transparency Maldives published a position paper on the existing Access to Information regulatory framework in Maldives and the amendments that are crucial for an effective Access to Information that reflect international best practices.
The Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC), the Human Rights Commission of the Maldives (HRCM), the Prosecutor General’s Office, the Auditor General’s Office and the then Gender and Human Rights Ministry, endorsed TM’s position paper.
Access to Information Position Paper
The Crinis research uses both quantitative and qualitative research methods to assess various
dimensions of political financing transparency and accountability, and is to be used as a
benchmarking and advocacy tool for reforming the legal framework and practices associated with
political financing. Specifically, ten, interdependent dimensions-such as the scope, disclosure,
and depth of financial reporting-were assessed in this research as indicators of transparent
political financing procedures.
The report also provides recommendations for improving the current legal framework on
political financing. These include amending laws to mandate parties and candidates to submit
official identification of donors and vendors and to mandate political parties to disclose annual
audited accounting reports to the general public. It is also recommended that Non-State actors
such as Civil Society Organizations partake in monitoring and overseeing political financing
practices and to conduct awareness and advocacy programs on transparency and accountability
in political financing.
Transparency in Political Financing in Maldives – CRINIS Research Project
The collated reports of the Presidential Election 2008, Parliamentary Elections 2009 and Local Council Elections 2011 are published by Transparency Maldives as part of the domestic observation efforts for the presidential, parliamentary and local council elections.
Domestic observation for the Presidential Election 2008 was supported by the Royal Embassy of Netherlands, United Nation Development Programme (UNDP), Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES) and AusAID. Domestic observation efforts for the Parliamentary Election 2009 and Local Council Elections 2011 were supported by the Royal Embassy of the Switzerland and the UNDP Maldives.
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