The Climate Finance Integrity Programme was piloted in 2011 by Transparency International in six

countries, including the Maldives, to monitor the increasing climate related finance, the governance

of raising and managing these funds and the governance of these funds within the selected

countries. This report is the national report for the mapping assessment conducted for Maldives.

The research has briefly looked at all government institutions that were active during the research

phase, from 2011 to mid-2013, in the delivery and monitoring of climate change projects that were

funded by the government or externally. Institutions are analysed briefly in terms of governance and

transparency aspects in relation to use of climate finance.

This report represents a summary of the research process and findings for the Maldives under five

sections: an introduction (which also sets out the definition of climate finance which guided the

research process), the research methodology, the visual map and a narrative of the key actors in the

map, conclusions and recommendations

Download
An Assessment of Climate Finance Governance in Maldives


13 October 2013

At the meeting of the National Advisory Committee for Elections (NAC) held at the Elections Commission’s (EC) headquarters on 13 October 2013, Transparency Maldives (TM) sought clarifications, made comments and observations and provided advise. Following is a summary of the discussion.

 

A representative of the Department of National Registration shall participate in the National Advisory Committee for Elections meetings, from 13 October 2013 onwards.

Updates by the Elections Commission
  • The registration system is currently down. However, the EC will continue to receive registration forms.
  • 30,000 registration forms have so far been processed, as of 2pm 13 October 2013.
  • The EC will be hiring an additional two polling officials for each of 7 and 10 member teams -a Communication Official to communicate with the EC as the officials are not allowed to carry in mobile phones, and an additional official who is tasked with ensuring that the voters list (not to be confused with the voters registry) is marked correctly at each polling station- to comply with the Supreme Court (SC) verdict number 2013/SC-C/42.
  • EC expressed gratitude towards the Maldives Media Council (MMC) for lodging a case at the SC that resulted in a SC Order (no. 2013/SC-SJ/08) that lifts the ban on media monitors to carry in equipment necessary for their media functions. The Order also allows observers to carry in equipment and materials necessary for observation. Candidate agents, however are not covered under the Order and can only carry in pens into the polling area.
Other Points of Note
  • DNR informed the NAC that as per the SC Order, in instances where citizens whose permanent address on their ID card and voters list do not match, will not be allowed to vote. DNR is yet to receive a list of the 2,830 persons mentioned in the SC verdict, whose permanent address on their ID cards do not match with the voters registry and hence are unable to verify the authenticity of the number. DNR is of the opinion, that based on their records, it is extremely unlikely that addresses of 2,830 citizens are mismatched. The Human Rights Commission of the Maldives (HRCM), the Maldives Media Council (MMC), and Transparency Maldives all expressed concern that these 2,830 citizens may be deprived of their right to vote if their ID cards are not renewed to reflect the address on the voter registry.
  • PPM requested the EC to verify the registration forms and the finger prints, possibly by conducting a random verification of 10 forms per 1,000. The EC responded that it is not possible provided that state institutions do not have the capacity, records or the set up required to conduct such a verification process.
About the National Advisory Committee for Elections

The National Advisory Committee for Elections is convened by the Elections Commission and is the highest statutory advisory body for elections. The committee comprises the five members of the Elections Commission, a representative of each of the four candidates contesting the Presidential Elections 2013, a member of the Maldives Broadcasting Commission, Maldives Media Council and the Human Rights Commission of the Maldives, a representative of the Maldives Police Service and civil society.

 

Transparency Maldives’ (TM) Advocacy and Communications Manager, Aiman Rasheed sits on the National Advisory Committee for Elections as the civil society representative.


9 October 2013

At the meeting of the National Advisory Committee for Elections (NAC) held at the Elections Commission’s (EC) headquarters on 9 October 2013, Transparency Maldives (TM) sought clarifications, made comments and observations and provided advise. A summary of the details follow.

Updates by the Elections Commission
  • Re-registration for the election scheduled for 19 October to begin at 6pm on 9 October 2013. Re-registration will conclude at 11:59pm 10 October 2013.
  • Ballot papers will be given to print today, 9 October.
  • Elections Commission has not received the details of the Supreme Court verdict (number 42) regarding the discrepancies in the voter registry and in the records of citizens who voted (eg. ID card number mismatch, permanent address mismatch, name mismatch) on Election Day.
  • An additional 7 ballot boxes will be added to the 470 ballot boxes of the annulled 7 September 2013 elections.
  • The Elections Commission informed the National Advisory Committee for Elections that the Elections Commission will not be able to guarantee the right to vote for people with discrepancies in the voter registry and their ID cards.
About the National Advisory Committee for Elections

The National Advisory Committee for Elections is convened by the Elections Commission and is the highest statutory advisory body for elections. The committee comprises the five members of the Elections Commission, a representative of each of the four candidates contesting the Presidential Elections 2013, a member of the Maldives Broadcasting Commission, Maldives Media Council and the Human Rights Commission of the Maldives, a representative of the Maldives Police Service and civil society.

 

Transparency Maldives’ (TM) Advocacy and Communications Manager, Aiman Rasheed sits on the National Advisory Committee for Elections as the civil society representative.


12 September 2013

At the eleventh meeting of the National Advisory Committee for Elections (NAC) held at the Elections Commission’s (EC) headquarters on 12 September 2013, Transparency Maldives (TM) sought clarifications, made comments and observations and provided advise. A summary of the details follow.

 

The meeting was convened at the request of Jumhooree Party.

 

1. Jumhooree Party made three requests: 1. Recount of all 470 ballot boxes; 2. Provide JP the voter registry with ID card information; and 3. Copies of lists of all citizens who voted at each of the 470 polling stations.

 

1.1 Recount of all 470 ballot boxes

 

The EC informed the committee that counting all 470 ballot boxes is a huge challenge provided the limited time frame; and that the legal framework does not allow for opening of envelopes containing ballot papers for recounting without a basis.

 

The EC however stressed that the all members of the commission are willing to conduct a recount of any ballot box where credible evidence of fraud is presented to the commission.

 

All of the representatives of the candidates present at the meeting, except for MDP representative advised the EC to recount all 470 ballot boxes.

 

1.2. Provide JP with the voter registry, including the ID card information

 

The EC informed the committee that the EC is unable to do so as the ID card information is private information of citizens.

 

1.3 Copies of lists of all citizens who voted at each of the 470 polling stations

 

The EC informed the committee that the EC will provide the copies of lists of all citizens who voted at the 470 polling stations only at an order of the court as the legal framework prohibits the EC from handing over the information.

Other points of note
  • EC informed the committee that the final results of the first round of Presidential Election 2013 will be made public at 3pm, 14 September.
  • JP informed the committee that from their investigations, they have so far located on the voter registry: 659 deceased persons; 1,800 non-existent entrees that do not correspond to Department of National Registration data; 6,000 people who have been moved or put under households without their knowledge; 100 repeated names; and 20 reports of underage or children whose age were increased and then voted on 7 September 2013.
About the National Advisory Committee for Elections

The National Advisory Committee (NAC) is convened by the Elections Commission (EC) and is the highest statutory advisory body for elections. The committee comprises the five members of the Elections Commission, a representative of each of the four candidates contesting the Presidential Elections 2013, a member of the Maldives Broadcasting Commission, Maldives Media Council and the Human Rights Commission of the Maldives, a representative of the Maldives Police Service and civil society.

 

Transparency Maldives’ (TM) Advocacy and Communications Manager, Aiman Rasheed sits on the National Advisory Committee for Elections as the civil society representative.

Links to previous NAC meeting updates are given below.


25 August 2013

At the fifth meeting of the National Advisory Committee for Elections (NAC) held at the Elections Commission’s (EC) headquarters on 18 August 2013, Transparency Maldives (TM) sought clarifications, made comments and observations and gave advice. Citizen concerns raised through social media were conveyed to EC. A summary of the details follow.

 

1. EC will be signing an MoU with the Maldives Police Service and the draft of the MoU is currently being circulated for comments. EC expects the MoU to be signed with MPS in the next few days. Transparency Maldives has in the past Advisory Committee meetings, advocated for and advised the EC to come to an understanding with the MPS that clarifying the roles and responsibilities of MPS and EC as regards security, communication and emergency intervention protocols

 

2. The issue of early announcement of results at polling stations in Malaysia and Singapore negatively affecting voting in Maldives were discussed. Delay in announcement of results was suggested by a member of the NAC. Transparency Maldives advised the EC to proceed as planned as delay of results may create suspicion and will also be in conflict with the electoral legal framework.

 

Outcome: EC will inform the Committee of their decision.

 

3. NAC members queried the EC regarding their voter education programs and their impact. NAC members felt that the EC should be doing more to educate voters. TM advised EC to conduct additional voter education on aspects of voting to ensure invalid ballots are minimized and citizens are clear regarding valid and invalid ballots.

 

4. The issue of Commissioner of Police, Riyaz broadcasting a short message via twitter that is widely believed to be a partisan message was brought forward for the consideration of the committee. EC informed the the committee that appropriate measures will be taken by the EC and has since requested the Police Integrity Commission to investigate the case. MPS representative informed the committee that the MPS has internal mechanisms to deal with alleged breaches and misconduct.

 

5. MDP raised the issue of 91 people being registered twice. The Committee was informed by the EC of internal mechanisms instituted such as sending accompanying notes with the voter registry where such double entries have occurred. The 91 entries had occurred primarily due to 200 persons with double ID card numbers in the system.

 

Other points of note

MDP informed the Committee that the party will conduct an exit poll on election day.

 

Updates by the Elections Commission

Voter lists have been dispatched to island offices. These lists will not include ID card numbers and birthdates to protect the privacy voters.

 

Ballot papers have been printed. The total number of printed ballot papers equal the total number of registered voters plus 1% of the registered voters.

 

EC has decided to publish a list of voters following the election day, and see no legal barriers preventing the publishing of such a list.

 

EC implores voters to utilize formal complaints mechanism (the Complaints Bureaus) for submitting complaints instead of informal mechanisms such as calling up EC’s hotlines.

 

About the National Advisory Committee for Elections

The National Advisory Committee (NAC) is convened by the Elections Commission (EC) and is the highest statutory advisory body for elections. The committee comprises the five members of the Elections Commission, a representative of each of the four candidates contesting the Presidential Elections 2013, a member of the Maldives Broadcasting Commission, Maldives Media Council and the Human Rights Commission of the Maldives, a representative of the Maldives Police Service and civil society.

 

Transparency Maldives’ (TM) Advocacy and Communications Manager, Aiman Rasheed sits on the National Advisory Committee for Elections as the civil society representative.

Links to previous NAC meeting updates are given below.


18 August 2013

At the fourth meeting of the National Advisory Committee for Elections (NAC) held at the Elections Commission’s (EC) headquarters on 18 August 2013, Transparency Maldives (TM) sought clarifications, made comments and observations and gave advice. Citizen concerns raised through social media were conveyed to EC. A summary of the details follow.

 

1. Mohamed Aslam, the representative of the Maldives Broadcasting Commission (MBC) to the NAC, requested EC to reconsider its decision to not work/collaborate with the MBC in implementing Article 30 of the General Elections Act pertaining to provision of equal opportunity for candidates to campaign on broadcast media.

 

Transparency Maldives also requested EC to reconsider the decision as cooperation and coordination between relevant institutions is key in implementing the spirit of the relevant Acts, provided the confusions and lack of clarity in the legal framework. For additional information on the issue, see Chapter 2.1.3, Media section, page 18-19 of the Pre-Election Assessment 2013 by Transparency Maldives.

 

Outcome: EC informed that the commission may consider the advice of TM and others.

 

2. Transparency Maldives and Maldives Police Service (MPS) requested for clarity on the decisions made by the EC on issues raised by the members of the NAC. MPS specifically raised the issue of the proposals for an MoU between EC and MPS regarding clarification of roles and responsibilities and protocols of intervention by MPS on election day for the purpose of maintaining security during and on election day. (See Transparency Maldives’ blogpost on the 2nd meeting of the NAC).

 

Outcome: EC informed the NAC that the NAC meeting is scheduled for Sunday of every week so that the issues raised at the NAC can be discussed at the EC meeting the following day, every Monday of the week.

 

3. Progressive Party of Maldives (PPM) raised the issue of the integrity of IT systems of the EC, with regard to EC’s databases and softwares, and that the party implores the EC to conduct an independent expert review to guarantee the integrity of the systems. The EC had earlier publicly stated that no party can have access to it’s softwares citing potential hacking and compromise of the security of the systems.

 

TM advised the EC to allow as much transparency as possible without compromising the security of the softwares as trust in electoral systems is key to prevention of potential conflict. TM noted that the fears raised by PPM can be allayed without compromising the integrity and security of the IT systems. TM also noted that the issue originally arose due to the failure of the EC to communicate the work of the EC. TM advised the EC to proactively communicate it’s work to prevent suspicion and confusion.

 

Outcome: EC said that commission may consider the advice by the TM.

 

Other points of note:

  • Voter registration issues were discussed at the NAC. EC provided updates on current issues including the change of location of ballot boxes for reasons of security, convenience and finance.
About the National Advisory Committee for Elections

The National Advisory Committee (NAC) is convened by the Elections Commission (EC) and is the highest statutory advisory body for elections. The committee comprises the five members of the Elections Commission, a representative of each of the four candidates contesting the Presidential Elections 2013, a member of the Maldives Broadcasting Commission, Maldives Media Council and the Human Rights Commission of the Maldives, a representative of the Maldives Police Service and civil society.

 

Transparency Maldives’ (TM) Advocacy and Communications Manager, Aiman Rasheed sits on the National Advisory Committee for Elections as the civil society representative.

Links to previous NAC meeting updates are given below.

 

Meeting 3

Meeting 2


11 August 2013

The National Advisory Committee (NAC) is convened by the Elections Commission (EC) and is the highest statutory advisory body for elections. The committee comprises the five members of the Elections Commission, a representative of each of the four candidates contesting the Presidential Elections 2013, a member of the Maldives Broadcasting Commission, Maldives Media Council and the Human Rights Commission of the Maldives, a representative of the Maldives Police Service and civil society.

 

Transparency Maldives’ (TM) Advocacy and Communications Manager, Aiman Rasheed sits on the National Advisory Committee for Elections as the civil society representative.

 

At the third meeting of the National Advisory Committee for Elections held at the Elections Commission’s headquarters on 11 August 2013, Transparency Maldives sought clarifications, made comments and observations and gave advice. Citizen concerns raised through social media were conveyed to EC. A summary of the details follow.

 

1. Members impressed upon the EC the need for SOPs (standard operating procedures) for the proper functioning of NAC.

 

Outcome: EC will circulate an SOP document of the NAC to all members.

 

The need for minute keeping, distribution of minutes ahead of the next NAC meeting, endorsement of the minutes by the NAC, setting an agenda ahead of meeting (members to propose agenda items prior to the meeting),

Other points of note:

  • Registration update by Elections Commission:64,122 re-registered to vote as of 11 August 2013. EC is now processing the final batches of forms.
  • 1,900+, 1,022, 751, 219, 140, 116 voters have registered to vote in Colombo, Trivandrum, Malaysia, London, Singapore and New Delhi respectively.
  • So far, 2,271, 1,530, and 1,399 have requested accreditation as observers (NGO and political parties), media monitors and candidate agents respectively.
  • 77 and 23 international observers and international media monitors have requested for accreditation with the EC respectively.
  • Persons who have registered at a certain location to vote, but a ballot box will not be placed due to low number of voters, will be allowed till 13 August 2013 to re-register at a location of choice.

4 August 2013

The National Advisory Committee (NAC) is convened by the Elections Commission (EC) and is the highest statutory advisory body for elections. The committee comprises the five members of the Elections Commission, a representative of each of the four candidates contesting the Presidential Elections 2013, a member of the Maldives Broadcasting Commission, Maldives Media Council and the Human Rights Commission of the Maldives, a representative of the Maldives Police Service and civil society.

 

Transparency Maldives’ (TM) Advocacy and Communications Manager, Aiman Rasheed sits on the National Advisory Committee for Elections as the civil society representative.

 

At the second meeting of the National Advisory Committee for Elections held at the Elections Commission’s headquarters on 4 August 2013, Transparency Maldives sought clarifications, made comments and observations and gave advice. Citizen concerns raised through social media were conveyed to EC. A summary of the details follow.

 

1. TM advised the EC to clarify the roles and responsibilities of the Maldives Police Service (MPS) with regard to the authority of the EC staff in charge of elections and the police officer stationed at the polling center. As per the electoral legal framework, the lead EC staff is in charge of the polling area and any intervention from the police must be made upon the request of the EC staff in charge. However, the protocols for intervention in an emergency has not been cleared though the EC and there is no common understanding of such protocols. Additionally, both the MPS and EC have separately commenced training of their staffs and officials without the protocols in place. It is imperative that the MPS and the EC come to an understanding, and details of the such an MoU or document must be publicized to build trust between MPS, EC and the public. TM also recommended the roles of responsibilities of the police be made public at the polling station via posters.

 

Outcome: The NAC was informed that the issue will be discussed at the next EC meeting on 5 August 2013.

 

2. TM requested for the minute details of standards to determine physical disability, and chronological steps of the counting and assisted voting processes as such details have not been made public yet. Assisted voting was a major concern for Transparency Maldives in the Local Council Elections due to the room for negative impact on the free exercise of the franchise in the absence of clear procedures.

 

Outcome: EC informed the NAC that the requested details will be published as part of the Officials’ Handbook and will be made available for the NAC at the earliest.

 

3. TM sought clarifications on the problems with the resort voting. As per the legal framework, a ballot box can only be placed once 50 voters are registered at the resort and if the required 50 voters is not reached, the persons who have registered will default to their permanent residence registry. TM requested EC to allow for administrative leniency in such instances for re-registration to enable such voters to re-register at a place of their choice upon finding that the required number was not reached.

 

Outcome: EC informed the NAC that staff of resorts have been informed via resort administrations to register to ballot boxes in nearby islands should the required number not be reached by 6. The deadline for re-registration is 7 August 2013.

 

4. TM sought clarifications from the MPS and the EC as to why MPS was collecting details of deceased persons from islands.

 

Outcome: MPS representative clarified that the MPS is collecting the data for investigation purposes due to complaints of ghost voter registration, upon request of EC.

 

5. TM sought an update on the numbers of new ID cards issued. The EC at the first meeting of the NAC informed that 6,500 plus citizens will require to renew ID cards to vote.

 

Outcome: The EC will clarify with the Department of National Registration (DNR) and provide an update to the NAC at the next NAC meeting.

Other points of note:

  • EC informed the NAC that 300 plus persons with double identity card numbers are on the voter registry. The 300 persons can theoretically be issued 600 ID cards. Over a 1,000 such entries have been removed by the EC by communicating directly with persons. EC proposed and the NAC agreed that the EC may put two fields for both ID numbers for persons assigned double numbers so that once a person votes with one of such ID card, the person will then not be able to vote with the second ID card.
  • With 3 days to the re-registration deadline, 44,000 of an estimated 65,000 are now registered.
  • The EC has been assured by the DNR that ID cards for about 350 inmates will be provided in time for voting.

Asia Pacific Regional Program meeting Asia Pacific Regional Program meeting[/caption]

 

Transparency Maldives participated in the Transparency International Asia Pacific regional annual planning meeting held in Phnom Penh, Cambodia from the 12th to the 14th of June 2013. This year’s meeting was hosted by Transparency International Cambodia. 24 Transparency International chapters in the Asia Pacific region attended the meeting. The meeting focused on programmatic work, advocacy and communications, emphasizing on regional cooperation.

 

During the meeting all the 24 Transparency International chapters expressed serious concern regarding persistent corruption in the region and called on governments in the region to strengthen their commitment to transparency and accountability, and to step up their anti-corruption measures.

 

The regional planning meeting was followed by a meeting of the South Asia chapters to discuss the progress of National Integrity Contextual Assessment (NICSA) and to plan the next phase of the research and to plan out regional interventions for the release of the regional NICSA.

 

Transparency Maldives was represented by Ms. Ilham Mohamed, Executive Director, and Mr. Mohamed Thoriq Hamid, Program Manager.


NGO Forum

 

Transparency Maldives has called for stronger anti-corruption safeguards in climate finance in the outcome document which was presented to Minister of Environment Dr Shakeela at an NGOs forum held on Sunday.

 

The outcome document included thirteen key recommendations to the government, including ensuring access rights such as participation of citizen bodies in government’s decision making on issues of sustainable development and environment.

 

Transparency Maldives Chairperson, Mohamed Rasheed Bari, made a presentation to the forum participants on the topic of strengthening NGOs role in environmental governance. Azim Zahir, TM’s senior project coordinator, led the discussions on NGO recommendations to the government.

 

Mr Bari also called on the government to strengthen governance mechanisms by including stronger standards of transparency, accountability and integrity.

 

The NGOs forum, organized jointly by NGO Federation and the Ministry of Environment and Energy, focused on NGOs role in environmental governance and management.

 

Dr Shakeela promised the government would seriously consider all the recommendations.


Transparency Maldives met with the members of the Elections Commission on the 3rd of April to discuss on implementing the key recommendations in its recently published Pre-Election Assessment. The EC welcomed TM’s report and assured the commission’s consideration of the findings of the report. Recommendations in the report regarding the legal electoral framework, voter education, and elections dispute resolution were discussed at the meeting.

 

Transparency Maldives met the EC on April 18, to discuss recommendations proposed by Transparency Maldives to the Presidential Elections Regulation 2013.

 

General recommendations proposed by Transparency Maldives regarding the complaints system, early convening of the national advisory board, voter issues, campaign financing, and media issues were discussed.

 

In addition to it’s meetings with Elections Commission Transparency Maldives has met with and continues to meet with stakeholders including the public broadcaster Television Maldives, Anti Corruption Commission of Maldives to advocate for changes to the electoral framework and push for recommendations identified in the Pre-Election Assessment 2013.